Cougars (Puma concolor) are also known as pumas, panthers or mountain lions, and have the most widespread distribution of any American species. They live in nearly all habitats, from mountainsides of the Canadian Rockies to the jungles of the Amazon and the swamps of Florida.

The cougar is the largest of the small cats in America, males reaching over 2m long. They patrol large territories, moving during both day and night and taking shelter in caves and thickets. A cougar's preferred food is large deer, such as mule deer or elk. They stalk their prey before bringing it down with a single bite to the throat, or ambush it from a high vantage point. Cougars live alone, and mark their territories with their scent and by scraping visual signs in the soil and on trees.

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